Our earthworm castings (vermicast) are an excellent all natural plant food and soil mender. We raise our worms on a large scale with great care so that they produce a consistent nutrient packed casting every time. These castings, or manure from the worms are full of easy to absorb nutrients for your plants because the worms breakdown the materials that they eat so that it is easier for your plants to absorb them. The nutrients that the castings contain are slow released and work at building up the soil they are added to. Benefits: Enhance plant growth and vibrancy Act as a natural fertilizer or plant food Slow release essential nutrients into the soil Strengthen plant roots Aid in moisture retention and aeration Odorless and non-toxic Safe to use on all INDOOR and OUTDOOR plants Directions Vegetable and Annual Flowers - Line bottom and sides of plant holes and seed furrows with 1" and 2" of earthworm castings. Set seeds or plants in place and cover with soil. Side dress during growing season with a rate of 1/2 cup per plant or 1 cup per linear foot of row once every two months. Perennials - Work 1/2 cup into the soil above their root zone taking care not to damage shallow roots. Apply in spring, early summer and early fall. Potted Plants and seed/Seed Flats - New - Potting Mix - Use 1 part earthworm castings to 3 parts soil. Potted plants, window boxes, or hanging baskets - Add 1-2 inches of earthworm castings to 3 parts soil. Surround newly dug hole with mixture. Spread roots over a mound of the mix in the hole and cover. Roses - Established - Mix 4 cups of earthworm castings into soil 2-3 inches below the surface for each plant. Lawns - New - Apply 5kg per 100 sq feet. Work lightly into the topsoil. Mix in grass seed and water well. Lawns - Established - Distribute as top dress. Casting Tea - Soak 1 part castings in 3 parts water for 12 - 24 hours. Stir well and water as usual. Casting tea is excellent for fruiting, flowering or difficult to access potted plants. Compost Piles - Spread a thin layer of earthworm castings between each new layer of material to be composted. Product Info Castings are sold in 3L, 7L and 20L bulk bags. We can also sell it by the yard on special request. See our online store for pricing and to purchase online or contact us for bulk pricing. **Please note, all orders will be sent via Greyhound through COD unless other arrangements are worked out.